Starting from the Pfaffenthal, you will discover the districts of Grund and Clausen.
The Grund is a district of Luxembourg City located on the left bank of the Petrusse, below the old town. It is a historic district known for its half-timbered houses, cobbled streets and numerous tourist attractions, such as the Luxembourg Castle and Notre-Dame Cathedral. The Grund is also known for its many lively bars and restaurants, which attract many visitors and residents.
Clausen is a district of Luxembourg City located on the left bank of the Petrusse, just above the Grund. It is a lively area with many bars, restaurants, shops and other commercial establishments. Clausen is also known for its many cultural and entertainment events, such as music festivals and film festivals.
Vauban’s fortifications added the two essential iconographic elements of the two fortress gates across the valley to this suburb. In the twentieth century, the silhouette of Pfaffenthal was enriched by the red bridge, which has linked the upper town to the Kirchberg plateau since 1966.
The Vauban fortifications in Luxembourg are a set of military fortifications built in the 17th century by the French military engineer Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban. These fortifications were erected to protect the city of Luxembourg and were designed according to the principles of Vauban’s military engineering, which advocated the use of bastions and ravelins to strengthen the defence of cities.
Vauban’s fortifications include several defensive works, such as the city walls, city gates and barracks, which can still be seen today and are part of the city’s cultural heritage. They have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1994.